BopCo Publications

Journal publications:

  • Deblauwe, I., De Wolf, K., De Witte, J., Schneider, A., Verlé, I., Vanslembrouck, A., Smitz, N., Demeulemeester, J., Van Loo, T., Dekoninck, W., Krit, M., Madder, M., Müller, R., Van Bortel, W. 'From a long-distance threat to the invasion front: invasive Aedes mosquito species in Belgium between 2007 and 2020' submitted Parasites & Vectors DOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-1008317/v1
  • Van Bortel, W., Van den Poel, B., Hermans, G., Vanden Driessche, M., Lerouge, D., Deblauwe, I., De Wolf, K., Schneider,  A., Van Hul, N., Müller, R., Wilmaerts, L., Gombeer, S., Smitz, N., Kattenberg, J.H., Monsieurs, P., Rosanas-Urgell, A., Van Esbroeck, M., Bottieau, E., Maniewski-Kelner, U., Rebolledo, J. 'An outbreak report of the two autochthonous cases of airport malaria in Belgium in 2020' submitted Eurosurveillance https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.09.29.21263834
  • Mariën, J., Laurent, N., Smitz, N., Gombeer, S. 2021. 'First observation of Aedes albopictus in the Tshuapa province (Boende) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo'. African Entomology in press https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.08.03.454759
  • Aydin, M., Biltekin, D., Breugelmans, K. and Backeljau, T. 2021. 'First record, DNA identification and morphometric characerization of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) in the southern Black Sea'. BioInvasions Records 10(2021) in press.
  • Deblauwe, I., Ibáñez-Justicia, A., De Wolf, K., Smitz, N., Schneider, A., Stroo, A., Jacobs, F., Vanslembrouck, A., Gombeer, S., Dekoninck, W., Müller, R., Van Bortel, W. 2021. 'First Detections of Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium and the Netherlands'. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab127. https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab127
  • Smitz, N., De Wolf, K., Gheysen, A., Deblauwe, I., Vanslembrouck, A., Meganck, K., De Witte, J., Schneider, A., Verlé, I., Dekoninck, W., Gombeer, S., Vanderheyden, A., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Müller, R., Van Bortel, W. 2021 'DNA identification of species of the Anopheles maculipennis complex and first record of An. daciae in Belgium'. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 2021: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12519
  • Nsengimana, V., Vanderheyden, A., Gombeer, S., Smitz, N., Meganck, K., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Fisher, B.L., Dekoninck, W. 2021 'First record of the ant Pheidole megatron Fischer and Fisher, 2013 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Rwanda'. African Zoology 2021: 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1080/15627020.2021.1901605
  • Smitz, N., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Kampen, H., Schaffner, F., De Witte, J., Schneider, A., Verlé, I., Vanslembrouck, A., Dekoninck, W., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Vanderheyder, A., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Werner, D., Müller, R., Van Bortel, W. 2021 'Population genetic structure of the Asian bush mosquito, Aedes japonicus (Diptera, Culicidae), in Belgium suggests multiple introductions'. Parasites & Vectors 14:179. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04676-8
  • Wat’senga Tezzo, F., Fasine, S., Manzambi Zola, E., del Carmen Marquetti, M., Binene Mbuka, G., Ilombe, G., Mundeke Takasongo, R., Smitz, N., Andre Bisset, J., Van Bortel, W., Vanlerberghe, V. 2021. 'High Aedes spp. larval indices in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo'. Parasites & Vectors, 14(1):92. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-021-04588-7
  • Fagbémi, M.N.A., Pigneur, L.-M., André, A., Smitz, N., Gennotte, V., Michaux, J.R., Mélard, C., Lalèyè, P.A., Rougeot, C. 2021. 'Genetic structure of wild and farmed Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) populations in Benin based on genome wide SNP technology'. Aquaculture, 535(2021):73432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.736432
  • De Wolf, K., Vanderheyden, A., Deblauwe, I., Smitz, N., Gombeer, S., Vanslembrouck, A., Meganck, K., Dekoninck, W., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Müller, R. & Van Bortel, W. 2021. 'First record of the West Nile virus bridge vector Culex modestus Ficalbi (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium, validated by DNA barcoding'. Zootaxa 4920 (1): 131-139. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4920.1.7
  • Hupało, K., Majaneva, M., Czachur, M.V., Sire, L., Marquina, D., Lijtmaer, D.A., Ivanov, V., Leidenberger, S., Čiampor, F. Jr, Čiamporová-Zaťovičová, Z., Mendes, I.S., Desiderato, A., Topstad, L., Meganck, K., Hariz, D.Z.A., Kjærstad, G., Lin, X.L., Price, B., Stevens, M., Ekrem, T. & Deiner, K. 2021. ‘A rapid urban biodiversity blitz using aquatic environmental DNA’. Environmental DNA, 1-14. DOI: 10.1002/edn3.152
  • Gombeer, S., Nebesse, C., Musaba, P.,  Ngoy, S., Peeters, M., Vanderheyden, A., Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Geers, F., Van Den Heuvel, S., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M. & Verheyen, E. 2020. 'Exploring the bushmeat market in Brussels, Belgium: a clandestine luxury business'. Biodiversity and Conservation, 1-12. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-020-02074-7
  • Ibáñez-Justicia, A., Smitz, N., den Hartog, W., van de Vossenberg, B., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Van Bortel, W., Jacobs, F., Vaux, A.G., Medlock, J.M. & Stroo, A. 2020. 'Detection of Exotic Mosquito Species (Diptera: Culicidae) at International Airports in Europe'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(10), 3450. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17103450
  • Dimzas, D., Morelli, S., Traversa, D., Di Cesare, A., Van Bourgonie, Y. R., Breugelmans, K., Backeljau, T., di Regalbono, A.F. & Diakou, A., 2020. 'Intermediate gastropod hosts of major feline cardiopulmonary nematodes in an area of wildcat and domestic cat sympatry in Greece'. Parasites & Vectors, 13(1), 1-12. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-020-04213-z
  • Pigneur, L.‑M., Caublot, G., Fournier‑Chambrillon, C., Fournier, P., Giralda‑Carrera, G., Grémillet, X., Le Roux, B., Marc, D., Simonnet, F., Smitz, N., Sourp, E., Steinmetz, J.,Urra‑Maya, F., Michaux, J., 2019. 'Current genetic admixture between relictual populations might enhance the recovery of an elusive carnivore'. Conservation Genetics, 20, 1133–1148. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-019-01199-9
  • Lange, M.K., Penagos-Tabares, F., Hirzmann, J., Failing, K., Schaper, R., Van Bourgonie, Y.R., Backeljau, T., Hermosilla, C. & Taubert, A. 2018. 'Prevalence of Angiostrongylus vasorum, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and Crenosoma vulpis larvae in native slug populations in Germany'. Veterinary Parasitology, 254, 120-130. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.03.011
  • Virgilio, M.,  Daneel, JH.,  Manrakhan, A.,  Delatte, H.,  Meganck, K. & De Meyer, M. 2018. ‘An integrated diagnostic setup for the morphological and molecular identification of the Ceratitis FAR complex (C. anonae, C. fasciventris, C. rosa, C. quilicii, Diptera, Tephritidae)’. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 1-7. DOI:10.1017/S0007485318000615
  • Daneel, J.H., Beck, R., Virgilio, M., Meganck, K. & Manrakhan, A. 2017. ‘Efficacy of trapping systems for monitoring of Afrotropical fruit flies’. Journal of Applied Entomology, 141(10), 825-840. DOI: 10.1111/jen.12373
  • Virgilio, M.,  Manrakhan, A.,  Delatte, H.,  Daneel, J.H.,  Mwatawala, M.,  Meganck, K.,  Barr, N. & De Meyer, M. 2017. ‘The complex case of Ceratitis cosyra (Diptera, Tephritidae) and relatives. A DNA barcoding perspective’. Journal of Applied Entomology, 141(10), 788-797. DOI: 10.1111/jen.12379

Oral presentations:

  • Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Smitz, N., Vanderheyden, A., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. ‘The need for accurate and comprehensive DNA sequence databases to reliably identify species of policy concern’. LifeWatch.be Users & Stakeholders Meeting, 15-16 October 2020. (online)
  • Smitz, N.,  De Wolf, K.,  Deblauwe, I., De Witte, J., Schneider, A., Verlé, I., Vanslembrouck, A., Dekoninck, W.,  Meganck, K.,  Gombeer, S.,  Vanderheyden, A.,  De Meyer, M.,  Backeljau, T. & Van Bortel, W. 2020. 'A DNA-based identification pipeline to discriminate between exotic and native mosquito species collected in Belgium'. 2nd AIM-COST Annual Conference, 12-13 February 2020. Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. 'DNA barcoding to identify invasive alien species targeted by EU policies'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway.
  • Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. 'DNA barcoding for forensics: experiences from three years of BopCo'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway.
  • Gombeer, S., Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Van Bourgonie,YR., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 'Barcoding organisms and tissues of policy concern: experiences from three years of BopCo'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway.
  • Smitz, N., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., Vanslembrouck, A., De Witte, J., Dekoninck, W., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T. & Van Bortel, W. 'A DNA-based approach to validate the identification of exotic mosquito species in Belgium'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway.
  • Gombeer, S.,  Van Bourgonie, Y.R.,  Meganck, K.,  Smitz, N.,  De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 'A barcoding facility for organisms and tissues of policy concern'. LifeWatch.be Users and Stakeholders Meeting, 25-26 January 2018, Ostend, Belgium.
  • Gombeer, S.,  Meganck, K.,  Van Bourgonie, Y.R.,  Smitz, N., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 'Authenticating fish and seafood products for sale on the Belgian market'. 7th International Barcode Of Life Conference, 20-24 November 2017, Kruger National Park, South Africa.
  • Meganck, K.,  Desmyter, S.,  Francis, F.,  Dekoninck, W.,  Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. ‘Solving crimes: A forensic rove beetles (Staphylinidae) barcode database for Belgium’. 7th International Barcode Of Life Conference, 20-24 November 2017, Kruger National Park, South Africa.
  • Backeljau, T. 'Reviewing the EASIN catalogue of alien terrestrial gastropods in Europe'. World Congress of Malacology, 8-24 July 2016, Penang, Malaysia.
  • Meganck, K.,  Desmyter, S.,  Dekoninck, W.,  Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. ‘Constructing a DNA barcode database of Belgian rove beetles (Staphylinidae) and its application in forensic cases’. Entomology in Belgium Symposium, 2 December 2016, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Meganck, K.,  Desmyter, S.,  Dekoninck, W.,  Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. ‘Constructing a DNA barcode database of Belgian rove beetles (Staphylinidae) and its application in forensic cases’. 23rd Zoology Congress, 16-17 December 2016, Antwerp, Belgium.
  • Gombeer, S.,  Van Bourgonie, Y.R.,  Meganck, K.,  Smitz, N.,  De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 2016. ‘Using molecular techniques to identify organisms of policy concern: some examples from the BopCo project’. 23rd Zoology Congress, 16-17 December 2016,  Antwerp, Belgium.

Posters:

  • Gombeer, S., Vanderheyden, A., Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M., 2021. 'A Barcoding Facility for Organisms and Tissues of Policy Concern'. LifeWatch Biodiversity Day. Ghent, Belgium. PDF
  • Vanderheyden, A., Smitz, N., Deblauwe, I., De Wolf, K., Gombeer, S., Meganck, K., Schneider, A., De Witte, J., Vanslembrouck, A., Dekoninck, W., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M., Müller, R. & Van Bortel, W., 2021. 'A DNA-based pipeline for species-level identification of Belgian mosquitoes'. Xth International EMCA Conference. Vienna. Austria. PDF
  • Deblauwe, I.,  De Wolf, K.,  Schneider, A.,  De Witte, J.,  Vanslembrouck, A.,  Smitz, N.,  Meganck, K.,  Dekoninck, W.,  D’Hondt, B.,  Pardon, N.,  Kurucz, K.,  Müller, R. & Van Bortel, W. 2021. ‘Aedes koreicus in Belgium: to spread or not to spread?’. Xth International EMCA Conference. Vienna, Austria. PDF
  • Vanderheyden, A., Smitz, N.,  Deblauwe, I.,  De Wolf, K.,  Gombeer, S.,  Meganck, K.,  Schneider, A.,  De Witte, J.,  Vanslembrouck, A.,  Dekoninck, W.,  Backeljau, T.,  De Meyer, M.,  Müller, R. & Van Bortel, W. 2021. ‘COI haplotype diversity in three exotic Aedes species in Belgium’. Xth International EMCA Conference. Vienna. Austria. PDF
  • Smitz, N., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Kampen, H., Schaffner, F., De Witte, A., Schneider. A, Verlé, A., Vanslembrouck, A., Dekoninck, W., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Vanderheyden, A., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Werner, D., Müller, R. & Van Bortel, W., 2021. 'Population genetic structure of Aedes japonicus in Belgium sugests multiple introductions'. Xth International EMCA Conference. Vienna, Austria. PDF
  • Smitz, N.,  De Wolf, K.,  Deblauwe, I.,  Verlé, I.,  Schneider, A.,  Vanslembrouck, A.,  De Witte, J.,  Dekoninck, W.,  Meganck, K.,  Gombeer, S.,  Vanderheyden, A.,  De Meyer, M.,  Backeljau, T. & Van Bortel, W. 2019. ‘Molecular validation of native and invasive mosquito species in Belgium’. Zoology 2019, 27-29 November 2019, Groningen, The Netherlands. PDF
  • Smitz, N.,  De Wolf, K.,  Deblauwe, I.,  Verlé, I.,  Schneider, A.,  Vanslembrouck, A.,  De Witte, J.,  Dekoninck, W.,  Meganck, K.,  Gombeer, S.,  Vanderheyden, A.,  De Meyer, M.,  Backeljau, T. & Van Bortel, W. 2019. ‘New Culicidae species records for Belgium validated using DNA-based techniques’. Zoology 2019, 27-29 November 2019, Groningen, The Netherlands. PDF
  • Smitz, N., Cochez, C., Wilmaerts, L., Gombeer, S., Meganck, K., Van Bourgonie,YR., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. 'Identification of disease vectors from foreign deployment sites of the Belgian armed forces using DNA-based technologies'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway. PDF
  • Van Bourgonie,YR., Lange, M., Penagos-Tabares, F., Hirzmann, J., Failing, K., Schaper, R., Dimzas, D., Diakou, A., Hermosilla, C., Taubert, A., Di Cesare, A., Morelli, S., Gombeer, S., Smitz, N., Meganck, K., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 'DNA barcoding and identification of intermediate slug hosts in the framework of an epidemiological survey in Germany'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway. PDF
  • Gombeer, S., Breugelmans, K., Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Van Bourgonie,YR., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 'Seafood on the Belgian market: do you get what you are paying for?' 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway. PDF
  • Gombeer, S., Musaba, P., Nebesse, C., Ngoy, S., Peeters, M., Van Bourgonie,YR., Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M. & Verheyen, E. 'African Bushmeat in Brussels: high prices and high levels of misidentification'. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference, 17–20 June 2019. Trondheim, Norway. PDF
  • Meganck, K., Smitz, N., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. ‘Identifying Invasive Alien Species by DNA-barcoding: possibilities, gaps and pitfalls’. 25th Zoology Congress, 14-15 December 2018, Antwerp, Belgium. PDF
  • Smitz, N., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., Vanslembrouck, A., De Witte, J., Dekoninck, W., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T. & Van Bortel, W. ‘DNA-barcoding: an efficient tool for rapid identification of native and exotic mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) intercepted in Belgium’. 25th Zoology Congress, 14-15 December 2018, Antwerp, Belgium. PDF
  • Smitz, N., Cochez, C., Wilmaerts, L., Gombeer, S., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. ‘Identifying mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from foreign deployment sites of the Belgian armed forces'. 25th Zoology Congress, 14-15 December 2018, Antwerp, Belgium. PDF
  • Van Bourgonie Y.R., Dimzas D., Diakou A., Di Cesare A., Traversa D., De Meyer M. & Backeljau T. ‘DNA barcoding and identification of gastropods of parasitological concern for animals in Greece ‘. 25th Zoology Congress, 14-15 December 2018, Antwerp, Belgium. PDF
  • Gombeer, S., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M., Musaba, P., Nebesse, C., Ngoy, S. & Verheyen, E. ‘Bushmeat for sale in Brussels’. 25th Zoology Congress, 14-15 December 2018, Antwerp, Belgium and 18th Meeting of Partners of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership, 27-28 November 2018, Tervuren, Belgium. PDF
  • Meganck, K., Smitz, N., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., Vanslembrouck, A., De Witte, J., Dekoninck, W., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T. & Van Bortel, W. ‘Identification and confirmation of native and invasive mosquito species in Belgium by DNA-barcoding’. Insects and Nature Management Symposium, 7 December 2018, Brussels, Belgium. PDF
  • Deblauwe, I., De Wolf, K., Smitz, N., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., De Witte, J., Vanslembrouck, A., Dekoninck, W., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M., Van Bortel, W. & Pollet, M. ‘Belgium on the lookout for exotic mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae)’. 9th International congress of Dipterology, 25-30 November 2018, Windhoek, Namibia.
  • Deblauwe, I., De Wolf, K., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., Vanslembrouck, A., De Witte, J., Dekoninck, W., Smitz, N., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Coosemans, M. & Van Bortel, W. ‘Monitoring exotic mosquito species in Belgium : an overview from 2007 - 2018’. 21st European Society for Vector Ecology (E-SOVE) conference, 22-26 October 2018, Palermo, Italy.
  • Vanslembrouck, A., De Wolf, K., Deblauwe, I., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., De Witte, J., Smitz, N., De Meyer, M., Van Bortel, W., Backeljau, T. &Dekoninck, W. ‘Constructing a morphological reference collection of native and exotic mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) species in Belgium ’. 21st European Society for Vector Ecology (E-SOVE) conference, 22-26 October 2018, Palermo, Italy.
  • De Wolf, K., Smitz, N., Deblauwe, I., Vanslembrouck, A., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, YR., Verlé, I., Schneider, A., De Witte, J., Dekoninck, W., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M. & Van Bortel, W. ‘The state of the art of the exotic mosquito species in Belgium: new invasion pathways detected’. 21st European Society for Vector Ecology (E-SOVE) conference, 22-26 October 2018, Palermo, Italy.
  • Gombeer, S., Meganck, K., Van Bourgonie, Y.R., Smitz, N., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. ‘Aliens in Europe’. 7th International Barcode Of Life Conference, 20-24 November 2017, Kruger National Park, South Africa. PDF
  • Meganck, K., Ebejer, M., Kirk-Spriggs, AH., Kvifte, G., Couri, M., Rognes, K., Whitmore, D., Virgilio, M., Gombeer, S., Backeljau, T., De Meyer, M. & Jordaens, K. ‘A first, local DNA barcode reference database of the forensically important flies (Diptera) of the island of La Reunion’. 7th International Barcode of Life Conference. 20-24 November 2017, Kruger National Park, South Africa. PDF
  • Gombeer, S., Meganck, K., Van Bourgonie, Y.R., Smitz, N., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. ‘Validating fish and seafood labelling using DNA barcoding’. 24th Congress of Zoology, 23-24 November 2017, Wageningen, The Netherlands. PDF
  • Smitz, N., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., Van Bourgonie, Y.R., De Meyer, M. & Backeljau, T. 'Invasive Alien Species in Belgium (IAS): examining the utility of GenBank and BOLD for species identifications'. 24th Congress of Zoology, 23-24 November 2017, Wageningen, The Netherlands. PDF
  • Smitz, N., Deblauwe, I., Dekoninck, W., De Wolf, K., Meganck, K., Gombeer, S., De Meyer, M., Backeljau, T., Coosemans, M. & Van Bortel, W. 'Monitoring of Exotic MOsquitoes in Belgium (MEMO): molecular validations of morphological species identifications'. 24th Congress of Zoology, 23-24 November 2017, Wageningen, The Netherlands. PDF
  • Van Bourgonie, Y.R., Backeljau, T., Lange, M.K., Penagos-Tabares, F., Hirzmann, J., Failing, K., Schaper, R., Hermosilla, C., Taubert, A. 'DNA barcoding and identification of intermediate slug hosts in the framework of an epidemiological survey in Germany'. 24th Congress of Zoology, 23-24 November 2017, Wageningen, The Netherlands. PDF
  • M. Virgilio, A. Manrakhan, H. Delatte, J-H. Daneel, M. Mwatawala, K. Meganck, N. Barr and M. De Meyer. 'DNA barcoding further indicates cryptic genetic variation in the mango fruit fly, Ceratitis cosyra (Diptera, Tephritidae)'. 3rd International Symposium of TEAM (Working Group on Tephritids of Europe, Africa and the Middle East), Stellenbosch, South Africa.
  • Smitz, N., Cornélis, D., Chardonnet, P., Crossmary, W., Caron, A., Jouvenet, O., Meganck, K., Ligate, F., Ikanda, D., Fusari, A. & Michaux, J. ‘Conservation genetics- two case studies of Africa's Big Five: the lions of Tanzania (Panthera leo) and the buffaloes of Southern Africa (Syncerus caffer)’. Gestion rationnelle, conservation et éco-éthologie de la faune en milieu tempéré et tropical. University of Liege, 2016, Agro-Bio Tech, Gembloux.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith